When it comes to writing an essay or a dissertation you’ll probably have been made aware of the fact that there are a number of key components that make up these two academic document types. For an essay, the key elements that have to be included within the document are;
– An introduction which will generally consist of 3 components: a brief explanation of the context of the topic, an outline of your interpretation of the topic, and an explanation of how you are going to approach or examine the topic within this particular essay.
– The main body of the essay, where you will discuss your chosen topic, using the approach or means of examination that you have outlined in your introduction.
– A conclusion which again generally consists of 3 components: a restatement of the question or task that opens the essay and what you believe to be the important features of the topic that features in this question or task, a summary of the evidence that you have presented throughout the body of the essay, and a statement that summarises your overall ‘concluding’ view of the topic.
Finally, it is easy to fall into the trap of panicking as you get close to the word limit of your essay or dissertation and cutting the conclusion short. This is never a good idea as it can make the ending of your document seem quite abrupt, and there are always a lot of marks to be gained from a well written conclusion. To avoid this panic approach, as part of your planning process work out approximately how many words you can dedicate to each section of your essay or dissertation, and then stick to these word limits as you pull together the main content of your academic document.