Japanese Genkouyoushi and Essay Tips

It’s a type of paper used in all manuscripts of writing in Japanese. Vertical writing usually starts from right to left and top to bottom. Horizontal writing starts from left to right and top to bottom. Here are some tips for you.

Vertical Writing

  1. Title: write the title in the 1st line. The 1st word starts from the 4th square. If the title starts with numbers, write them in Kanji.
  2. Name: writer’s name is on the 2nd line. Last name comes before the first name. Leave 1 square between the last and first name. Leave 1 square below the first name as well.
  3. The First Sentence of the Essay or Paragraph: starts from the 3rd line in the 2nd square. Each new paragraph starts from the 2nd square.
  4. Punctuation Marks: usually occupy their own squares. Exception: when they will occur at the top of next line, we write them at the bottom right quarter next to the last word of the current line.
  5. Small Characters: each occupies 1 square and we place it on the top right quarter of the square.
  6. The Subheading (if applicable): has 1 empty line before and after. It starts from the 3rd square of a new line. If there are no subheadings, just start the next paragraph in a new line after the previous one.
  7. Elongation Mark: when writing from top to bottom, the elongation mark should also be written from top to bottom in the middle of the square.
  8. Writing Numbers: use kanji instead of Arabic number. One number occupies 1 square.

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‘H’ indicates the hardness. e.g., 3H is harder than H.

‘B’ indicates the blackness. e.g., 3B is softer than B.

‘F’ indicates that you sharpen the pencil to a fine point.

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